Addressing Climate Mitigation in the Coffee Sector through an Inclusive Business Strategy

Desa Gedang_Drying the seeds with Matt


STC led a scoping mission in support of SNV’s ‘REDD+ Energy and Agriculture Programme’ (REAP) program. SNV is a not-for-profit international development organization. Founded in the Netherlands nearly 50 years ago, it has built a long-term, local presence in 38 of the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. It seeks to equip communities, businesses and organizations with the tools, knowledge and connections to increase incomes and gain access to basic services – empowering them to break the cycle of poverty and guide their own development.

The program goal is to devise a strategy to address climate mitigation in the coffee sector through an Inclusive business strategy. Climate mitigation is considered essential by SNV’s program in order to produce sustainable coffee. Their program requires a strategic approach and vision beyond the farm level in order to support sustainable production. . Careful considerations during the planning, to take into account the impact at a landscape level, in order to ensure a reduced (socio) environmental impact is required.

Merangin & Bungo-219 coffee drying

Merangin and Bungo-219 coffee drying


STC conducted the survey in the Districts of Merangin and Bungo, in the Province of Jambi, Indonesia. (The survey mission provided analysis and recommendations for enhancing climate mitigation in the coffee sector of the two districts. . Matthew Bock led the survey team and was supported by Abdul Rahman, an expert in community development in Jambi.

The Districts of Merangin and Bungo are both located in the western region of Jambi near the highlands of Kerinci National Park which contains rich, volcanic soils. In this area, coffee production is exclusively Robusta (Coffea Robusta), despite parts of the region being suitable for Arabica (Coffea Arabica) cultivation: many plantations are located over 1000 meters above sea level..

The production of Robusta coffee is dramatically altering the landscape of southern Merangin. As greater income is derived from coffee production than from traditional agricultural products such cinnamon, chilies, ginger, rice, and potatoes, customary communities are increasingly cultivating coffee.

Communities in southern Merangin would benefit greatly from technical assistance, improved production, and support to introduce Arabica plantations. If communities switch to sustainable production for both Arabica and Robusta, coffee will remain a long-term economic driver of the region allowing farmers to exit from poverty. If unchecked, significant losses of High Conservation Value Forest and land degradation may deepen the cycle of poverty.

motorcycle with coffee bags

Motorcycle with coffee bags